Last updated in October 2018
Political relations between Germany and Bangladesh are friendly. In 1972, Germany was one of the first European countries to recognise Bangladesh’s independence from Pakistan under international law. Bangladesh warmly welcomed German reunification. Germany is not only respected as a longstanding and reliable partner in development cooperation but is also seen as a vital trading partner and an important member of the European Union. Bangladesh keenly observes Germany’s engagement in climate policy and the United Nations.
Bilateral talks focus on improving minimum social standards in the textile industry and on addressing Bangladesh’s democratic development and human rights situation. Since Bangladesh became independent, numerous German non-governmental organisations and church-affiliated aid organisations have, together with their local partners, actively sought to promote the country’s social and economic development. In addition, Germany is providing humanitarian aid to help support the relief efforts for the Rohingya fleeing from Myanmar. Because of this commitment and a vigorous information campaign in Germany and Bangladesh, many people on both sides are favourably disposed towards the other country.
Germany is Bangladesh’s second largest export market after the United States. The volume of bilateral trade is continuously growing, reaching a total of 6.08 billion euros in 2017. Bangladesh exported to Germany goods worth approximately 5.4 billion euros, while its imports from Germany amounted to only around 0.7 billion euros. Textiles account for over 90 percent of German imports from Bangladesh. Other exports to Germany include frozen foods and leather goods. Germany’s main exports to Bangladesh are machinery (55 percent of total exports), chemical products (20 percent) and electrical goods (9 percent). German shipping companies have had ships built in Bangladesh for a number of years now.
German companies are investing in Bangladesh, particularly in the textile, transport, energy and logistics sectors as well as the building materials industry.
A bilateral investment promotion and protection agreement has been in force since September 1986 and a double taxation agreement since 1993.
Bangladesh is one of the cooperation partners of German development cooperation with which Germany works together closely on the basis of bilateral agreements. Bangladesh and Germany have agreed on the following three priority areas:
• renewable energy and energy efficiency;
• good governance, the rule of law and human rights;
• adapting to climate change in urban areas.
The priority area good governance focuses in particular on improving working conditions and environmental standards in the textile industry. Given the importance of Bangladesh’s export-oriented textile industry, this is a crucial factor in the country’s future development.
In addition, German churches and numerous non-governmental organisations are, along with their local partners, actively seeking to promote the country’s future development in various sectors of society, especially in rural areas.
Bangladesh is classified as a least developed country (LDC) by the United Nations, but will attain graduation from LDC status in 2018 on the basis of a UN assessment that found the country had made significant development progress. With a GDP per capita of 1470 US dollars in 2017, Bangladesh has already joined the league of lower middle income countries (based on the World Bank’s definition). Since development cooperation began in the 1970s, Germany has provided government funding to the tune of approximately 2.6 billion euros for bilateral development projects in Bangladesh. On top of this, Germany is making available funding through multilateral institutions (the European Union, the Asian Development Bank and United Nations specialised agencies such as the World Bank, the International Labour Organization and the Food and Agriculture Organization). Private civil society organisations also receive public funding to implement development projects.
At the most recent intergovernmental negotiations in 2016, Germany pledged funding worth a total of 261.2 million euros for bilateral projects in Bangladesh.
It made an additional commitment of 83 million euros in 2017 to support renewable energies and energy efficiency.
The next round of intergovernmental negotiations is scheduled to take place in 2018.
The Goethe-Institut (GI) in Bangladesh is the first stop for all those in the country who are interested in the German language and German culture. The Goethe-Institut in Dhaka was opened back in 1961, before Bangladesh gained independence. Its language courses continue to be very popular, with a total enrolment of approximately 1500 per year. The Goethe-Institut library offers German literature and information about history and politics. The rooftop café and the auditorium are meeting places and forums for young intellectuals, artists and representatives of civil society. The events organised by the Goethe-Institut range from exhibitions and musical and literary offerings to film festivals and DJ appearances. Since religious extremism flared up in Bangladesh, the Goethe-Institut has had to curtail its programme.
Since January 2010, Bangladeshi teachers have been trained as German teachers under Germany’s Schools: Partners for the Future initiative (PASCH). German instruction has been integrated into the curricula at all five partner schools in Bangladesh and a large number of students have now had their proficiency in German certified.
To promote academic exchange between Germany and Bangladesh, the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation and other organisations every year award numerous scholarships to Bangladeshi students and young scientists and academics. The DAAD Information Point provides advice on scholarships and studying in Germany. Many Bangladeshi scientists, academics and students have already received part of their training in Germany and more than 250 of them are members of alumni associations and users of the Alumniportal Deutschland network.
For several years now, there has been a steady increase in the number of Bangladeshi students applying to study in Germany. Nearly 3000 Bangladeshi students are currently enrolled in German higher education institutions.
This text is intended as a source of basic information. It is regularly updated. No liability can be accepted for the accuracy or completeness of its contents.
Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany
H.E. Peter Fahrenholtz, Ambassador
+880 2 5566 8650
Mobile phone number
EMERGENCY phone: +880 1711 564 588 (call only in absolute emergencies outside of regular office hours)
+880 2 5566 8690, +49 30 1817 672 02
Postal addressEmbassy of the Federal Republic of Germany, Gulshan Post Office, POB 6126, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
Street11 Madani Avenue, Baridhara Diplomatic Enclave, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
Sunday to Thursday
08:00 a.m. to 03:30 p.m.
Closed on: Friday and Saturday (Weekend)
The Consular and Visa Section of the German Embassy Dhaka can only be visited by appointment from Sunday to Thursday. (Exception: German nationals in their own case)
Emergency Service Telephone for German Nationals (only outside office hours): +880 1711 564 588
Please remember the difference in time between Bangladesh and Germany (+4 hrs. in summer and +5 hrs. in winter) and that this number is to be dialled only in case of emergency involving German citizens! Visa enquiries do not qualify as an emergency and cannot be processed.
The German Embassy will be closed on following days this year:
Name of Holiday
New Year's Day
Independence & National Day
Day of German Unity
New Year's Eve
Official language of the host country: Bangla (Bengali) and English.
Please note that there are no parking facilities for visitors at the Embassy premises. Secondly, visitors are not allowed to enter the Embassy with cell phone or any electronic device e.g. camera/laptop, or any bag, knife, lighter, matches, firearms etc.
Entrance to the Embassy is handicapped accessible. The Emergency phone can be contacted via text message, too. Local contact for accessibility is Head of Administration, Lilli Blumhardt.
Honorary Consul of the Federal Republic of Germany in Chittagong
Mirza Shakir Ispahani, Honorarkonsul
+880 31 71 02 64, +880 31 71 61 53, +880 31 71 61 54, +880 31 71 61 55, +880 31 71 61 56, +880 31 71 61 536
+880 31 71 04 71
Postal addressHonorary Consul of the Federal Republic of Germany, M.M. Ispahani Ltd., Ispahani Building Sk. Mujib Road Agrabad, Chittagong, Bangladesch.
StreetM.M. Ispahani Ltd., Ispahani Building, Sk. Mujib Road Agrabad, Chittagong.
Administrative / consular district
Regierungsbezirk Chittagong mit den Landkreisen Chittagong, Cox's Bazar, Rangamati, Bandarban, Khagrachhari, Chandpur, Comilla, Brahmanbaria, Noakhali, Feni und Laxmipur. Übergeordnete Auslandsvertretung: Botschaft Dhaka
Hinweis: Bei Benutzung einer Telefon- bzw. Faxverbindung via Satellit (Satcom) entstehen höhere Gebühren.